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Server-side rendering and static site generation

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If your environment supports it, React will not only render the component in the browser but also:

This is the case with Next.js or vite-plugin-ssr for example.

In any environment

In the browser, the component will parse the Image Regions from the image pointed to by the src= attribute by using fetch(). On server or at build time however, the component can't do the same because:

  • The URL may not be accessible from the server or build machine.
  • The component is expected to render synchronously (i.e. without asynchronous network requests).

For this reason the component needs to know where to find the image file on disk, so that it can read the Image Regions from its metadata already at build time or during server-side rendering. This can be achieved by setting the data-path-on-server= property on the component's <img>-like children.

This looks like this:

// npm install @frameright/react-image-display-control
import { ImageDisplayControl } from '@frameright/react-image-display-control';

// In Vite (+ SSR), a static import to an image yields a string containing the
// URL of the image accessible from the browser.
import skaterUrl from './assets/skater.jpg';

const isServer = typeof window === 'undefined';
const skaterPathOnServer = isServer
? process.cwd() + '/src/assets/skater.jpg'
: null;

export function MyApp() {
return (

If you don't provide a data-path-on-server= property, the component will issue a warning at build time or during server-side rendering pointing at this documentation. To disable this warning, please pass data-path-on-server="none".

In Next.js

In Next.js, static imports to images result in an object of type StaticImageData, accepted as value for the src= property of the <Image> component.

This allows us to provide some syntactic sugar: instead of passing a data-path-on-server= property, you can set a pathOnServer property on the StaticImageData object. This looks like this:

import Image from 'next/image';

// npm install @frameright/react-image-display-control
import { ImageDisplayControl } from '@frameright/react-image-display-control';

// In Next.js, a static import to an image yields a StaticImageData object.
import skater from '../images/skater.jpg';
skater['pathOnServer'] = process.cwd() + '/images/skater.jpg';

export default function MyPage() {
return (
<Image src={skater} alt="Skater" />